A primary objective of The 2874 Trust is to ensure the development and transfer of heritage mechanical engineering skills - using our restoration project as the main training platform.

Card image cap
Heritage Lottery Fund

We are supported in this work through a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund which will finance a series of mini-projects targeting specific skill sets and development opportunities.

Card image cap
SGS Berkeley Green UTC

This Website! The work done for us by SGS Berkeley Green UTC to build this website forms a part of the Educational aspect of our overall HLF project - we thank them and hope you enjoy the fruits of their work in publicising our project.


Examples of the Engineering Skills Transfer Include:

Workshop for members of the GWSR youth group, designed to give basic instruction in techniques for metalwork recovery and the tools needed for a variety of tasks - including the personal protection equipment required and safety rules, choosing the correct tool for the specific job and the care and maintenance of the tools. The session also included opportunities to handle the equipment in a safe environment.

Metal preparation - grit blasting the frames of our locomotive to remove years of rust and corrosion the applying anti-corrosive paint then coats of primer. The project included a number of the volunteers becoming familiar with the processes involved with the grit blasting and exploring the possibilities of bringing an operation in-house for the benefit of future projects. This process was never required in the days of main-line steam operation (alternatives that were in use in the past are no longer possible on health and safety grounds).  This project taught and developed skills in both metal recovery and painting and benefited volunteers both new to heritage engineering and those with existing skills sets.

Metal Recovery (1) - the platework on the cab from our locomotive is too corroded to be re-usable, but there are structural metal parts that it will be very useful to incorporate into the new structure required.   A project to dismantle the old and preserve the recoverable has been completed.  Great care was needed to ensure minimal damage to the reusable parts and to ensure the old platework was recovered to use as templates for the new structure.

Fabrication, Riveting and Machining - Once the old cab was dismantled, a project started to construct a new replacement. Platework was bought and original plans sourced to ensure it was cut to size - but considerable work was then needed to ensure a fit between the existing, recovered, structural ironwork and the new plate - obviously the old cab had not been made exactly acording to the plan! Machining will be required on the brass spectacle plate castings we have bought - these small windows were a feature of the loco in its original form but had been removed at some time in its working life - we are aimimng for a restoration in as an original form as possible - the machining will be a developmental project. A workshop on riveting tecniques on the platework will be arranged. Metal preparation and painting will also come into this project.

Public Involvement - we intend to showcase our project to the public to increase awareness of heritage engineering skills generally and specifically our restoration project. Each year the GWSR hold a steam gala (sadly, the 2020 event had to be cancelled due to the Covid-19 situation)  and The 2874 Trust will always have a display stand and volunteers on hand to interact with anyone interested - the usual attendance over the three days is between 3 and 4 thousand people - not all of whom are necessarily loco enthusiasts. We have also put on displays at a number olf other venues, including events at STEAM museum in Swindon and a number of model railway shows. In addition, we organised a Heritage Skills Day on the GWSR in August 2019 (and hope to do so again in 2020) when small groups were escorted round the restoration site and given an insight into heritage mechanical engineering - both on steam locos and heritage diesels.  We must record our thanks for assistance to the whole of the steam and diesel loco departments at Toddington for their help and co-operation in staging the event.

Metal Recovery (2). A significant requirement, when engaged with historic machinery, is to be able to re-use as many parts as possible - to enable this it is necessary to be able to dismantle items without damage. One example was the careful removal of valve covers to facilitate  valve chamber boring. The intention was to preserve the threads on the studs that hold on the covers - success! The image shows Keith Smith and Sam Perry with the valve cover removed and all studs preserved.

Machining (1)A project is underway to produce rear eccentric straps (an item that is intrinsic to controlling the entry of steam into the cylinders). We have the front halves but the rears have been lost during the years of storage - the straps must be carefully machined to fit both the front halves and the eccentrics themselves (the latter are fixed to the axle of the loco and the straps move on the eccentrics when the loco is in motion).  The project includes the manufacture of the 8 nuts and bolts thatr must be individualy made to fit.  This is a self-developmental project for an already experienced machinist.  The image shows the blanks prior to machining with the eccentric that they will eventually fit onto in the background.

Locomotive Levelling - to set up the locomotive frames in perfect alignment to allow necessary work on axle horn guides (so that the alignment is true when in service), the frames have to be placed on stands and adjusted to be absolutely level to within thousanths of an inch. The opportunity was taken to self-develop volunteers  and teach the principles on another project at Toddington (we will need to do this to our own locomotive in due course). While undertaking the exercise, a manual was prepared to illustrate each step.  Once the locomotive frames were prepared, a specialist contractor was employed to use optical measuring equipment to measure any distortions and instruct our volunteers in the principles and establish if the operation is capable of being brought in-house.

Hydraulic Press Operation - Many components consist of a hard metal casting and a softer metal bush press fitted - typically, bearings and bushes used on locomotive motion and brake components respectively. The principle is that the softer metal will be subjected to wear but can be replaced as necessary.  As the fit of the two parts has to be very tight, a press is required that can exert several tons of pressure  to both remove old and fit new.  Workshops have been held to demonstrate the safety requirements and techniques using work on big-end bearings to demonstrate - the principles will be used many times during our restoration project.



We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.